Intelligence: Boosting brainpower

 作者:公良氍讥     |      日期:2019-03-01 06:20:00
By Linda S. Gottfredson Read more: “Instant Expert: Intelligence“ Who wouldn’t like to be more intelligent? If someone invented a safe and effective smart drug that could boost g by 20 points it would surely sell faster than Viagra. Unfortunately, everything we have learned about intelligence indicates that this is highly unlikely. If increasing intelligence is not an option, can you do more with what you have, by finding effective ways to work smarter, perhaps? IQ tests are designed to measure an individual’s maximum cognitive ability but in everyday life we rarely perform at our best. Too often we arrive at work sleep-deprived, stressed, distracted, hungry, sick, addled by medicine or hung-over – all of which reduce cognitive acuity. This is compounded by the fact that many employers fail to recognise that mental performance varies over a day or week. Organisations squander their members’ cognitive assets when they pace tasks poorly or flout normal sleep cycles, such as when schools start too early for the typical student, or when shift-workers have to put up with constantly changing schedules. What’s more, to fully realise their abilities, individuals of different intelligence levels often require different kinds of support. Educational and military psychologists have shown that people of below-average intelligence learn best when given concrete, step-by-step, hands-on instruction and lots of practice, whereas individuals of above-average intelligence learn best when allowed to structure their own learning. One-size-fits-all instruction stunts the learning of both types of individuals. Schools can get far more out of pupils by educating them to their personal potential and employers can boost the achievements of their staff with well-targeted assistance such as mentoring,